Tag Archives: epidemiology

Cancer Deaths and the Link to Lifestyle and Environment

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Join Dr. David Schottenfeld, M.D., M.S. this Wednesday, July 24th from 5:15-6:00 PM in 1690 SPH Crossroads for a lecture on A Current Perspective on the Proportion of Cancer Deaths in the United States Attributable to Lifestyle and Environmental Risk Factors.

Learn more about this exciting public health event!

 

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Genetic Basis of Complex Diseases in African Americans : The Black Women’s Health Study

Edward-Ruiz-Narvaez

This Wednesday, May 1st join Epidemiology Faculty Candidate Edward A. Ruiz-Narvaez, Sc.D. as he describes research from the Black Women’s Health Study (BWHS), an ongoing prospective cohort of 59,000 U.S. black women initiated in 1995.

BWHS genetic studies include assessment of susceptibility of breast cancer subtypes, gene-environment interaction in relation to obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D), admixture mapping of uterine leiomyomata, the major histocompatibility complex and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus, and risk factors for sarcoidosis. Fine-mapping studies in the BWHS of GWAS breast cancer loci have helped to narrow the potential functional locus at chromosome 16q12, identified a novel SNP at chromosome 6q25, and replicated associations with triple negative breast cancer that is most common in African American women. Obesity and T2D occur disproportionately among African American women. Although a westernized lifestyle (low physical activity and energy-dense diets) is the major cause driving the obesity epidemic, it is clear that some individuals with the same lifestyle are more prone than others to develop obesity. Various factors such as perinatal events and chronic stressors may alter the functioning of the neuroendocrine system, resulting in weight gain and the subsequent development of T2D.

This talk will take place in SPH I, Room 1655 from 12-1 PM. For more information, visit here.

 

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SexLab Speaker Series with Susan Cochran

This Friday, April 5th from 1-3 PM, Susan Cochran, PhD, M.S.  will speak on “A Population Health Perspective on Sexual Orientation, Mental Health and Substance Abuse” in Room 1690 of SPH I.

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Susan Cochran is a Professor of Epidemiology and Statistics at the Fielding School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles and was past Chair of the Faculty Advisory Committee for LGBT Studies at UCLA. Her interests lie in understanding how psychological and social factors influence health. This series is sponsored by the University of Michigan Sex Lab and the University of Michigan School of Public Health.

 

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by | April 4, 2013 · 9:02 am

2nd Annual John F. Greden, M.D., Scholar in Residence Lecture

This Wednesday, April 3rd, at 10:30 AM renowned psychology, epidemiology and genetics expert Dr. Avshalom Caspi will deliver the 2nd Annual John F. Greden Scholar in Residence Lecture. This talk will be held in the Rachel Upjohn Building Auditorium (map).

avshalom-caspi

The topic of this year’s lecture is “Young Children’s Self-control and the Health and Wealth of their Nation”. Policy-makers are considering large-scale early intervention programs to enhance children’s self-control, with the aim of reducing crime and improving citizens’ health and wealth.  This talk will review evidence from a number of population-representative cohort studies and discuss the implications of their findings.

Dr. Caspi’s research focuses on three main questions:

  • How do childhood experiences shape the course of health inequalities across the life span?
  • How do genetic differences between people shape the way they respond to their environments?
  • What are the best ways to assess and measure personality differences between people?

He has been the recipient of a A.W. Mellon Visiting Fellowship at the University of Capetown, South Africa, the Klaus J. Jacobs Research Prize for Productive Youth Development, and the NARSAD Ruane Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Childhood Psychiatric Disorders.

All information for this event was found here.

 

 

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37th Annual Thomas Francis, Jr. Memorial Lecture

This Tuesday, February 26 will mark the 37th Annual Thomas Francis Jr. Memorial Lecture. This year’s honorable guest speaker is Dr. Walter C. Willett, who will speak on the topic of “Diet and Health: A Progress Report” at 3PM in the School of Public Health Building II, Auditorium M1020 (map) with a reception to follow. willett

Dr. Willett is a Fredrick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition and the Chairman of the Department of Nutrition at Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Willett has focused much of his work over the last 30 years on the development of methods, using both questionnaire and biochemical approaches, to study the effects of diet on the occurrence of major diseases. He has applied these methods starting in 1980 in the Nurses’ Health Studies I and II and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Dr. Willett is the most cited nutritionist internationally, and is among the five most cited persons in all fields of clinical science. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and the recipient of many national and international awards for his research.

By: Hryck

By: Hryck

Summary of Talk:

For much of the last 25 years the focus of nutritional advice has been to reduce total fat intake and consume large amounts of carbohydrate.  However, this advice was inconsistent with many lines of evidence indicating that unsaturated fats have beneficial metabolic effects and reduce risk of coronary heart disease.  More recent evidence has also shown that the large majority of carbohydrates in current industrial diets, consisting of refined starches and sugar, have adverse metabolic effects and increase risks of obesity, heart disease and type 2 diabetes.  Also, red meat consumption is associated with increased risks of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, and total mortality, and replacement of red meat with nuts and legumes is strongly associated with lower risk of these outcomes.    Thus, in an optimal diet, most calories would come from a balance of whole grains and plant oils, and proteins would be provided by a mix of nuts, beans, fish, eggs, and poultry.   Higher intake of fruits and vegetables (not including potatoes) is associated with lower risks of cardiovascular disease, although the benefits for cancer prevention appear to be less than anticipated.   A shift from the current US diet to a more optimal way of eating would have a profoundly beneficial effect on health and wellbeing of Americans. 

For more information on this event, please contact: Stacy Babcock at babcockk@umich.edu

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